Cervical spinal stenosis is among the most serious complications caused by degenerative changes in the upper (cervical) spine due to aging. The condition occurs when an overgrowth of bone or tissue narrows the spaces in an individual’s cervical spine, resulting in pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots.
Symptoms are often present on only one side of the body, though may include both legs. Most commonly, the disorder causes pain, stiffness, numbness or weakness in the neck, arms and/or legs, and in severe cases, incontinence.
Imaging tests including X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans are commonly ordered by health care professionals to diagnose cervical spinal stenosis and rule out other similar disorders and diseases. Common treatments include physical therapy, medication, or, in severe cases, surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerves.
Resource: Mayo Clinic